Political Survey: Michael Howard

United Kingdom

Michael Howard

Conservative Politician, Home Secretary under John Major, and now leader of the Conservative Party.

Answers

These are the answers which we judge Michael Howard would have given to the survey. Where appropriate, answers are accompanied by a rationale which explains why we believe this person would have given the answers we claim.

Statement Response
New roads and railways should be built by private companies, not the government.
+2.0000
Services like health care, education and social security should be provided by the government, not by private enterprise.
+1.0000
Sometimes interest rates should be raised to reduce inflation, even if doing so would cause a large number of job losses.
+2.0000
Drivers should pay enough tax to cover the cost of environmental damage caused by motor transport, even if that would price some people off the roads.
While in power, Howard supported increases in petrol duty to meet Britain's commitments under Kyoto. Since then Conservative policy has favoured lower taxes for motoring.
-1.0000
The wealthy should pay a larger proportion of their income in tax than the poor.
Howard was a strong supporter of the Poll Tax ("Community Charge"), a strongly regressive form of taxation.
-1.0000
The government should raise revenue by taxing consumption rather than income.
+1.0000
Overall, economic migrants bring benefits to our country.
Howard imposed more restrictive immigration policies when in power.
-1.0000
The government should subsidise farmers so that they stay in business, even if it would be cheaper to buy food from abroad.
-2.0000
Smokers should be required to kick the habit before receiving medical care for smoking-related illnesses.
-1.0000
Everyone bears a moral responsibility for the actions of their government, even when they do not support them.
+1.0000
Anybody who wants top-quality health care should expect to have to pay for it.
The Conservatives support a "hospital vouchers" scheme which encourages patients to seek private care by paying a fraction of the cost.
+2.0000
The mix of minorities in public institutions should reflect their numbers in the general population.
-1.0000
Having individual local representatives is more important than electing parties in exact proportion to their support.
-2.0000
Officials like public prosecutors should be directly elected rather than chosen by the government.
Conservative policy is to allow some officials, for instance Chief Constables, to be elected.
+1.0000
For society to be cohesive, it is important that everyone shares a common language.
+2.0000
Legal protection for free expression creates more trouble than it's worth.
-1.0000
Nobody should go hungry, even if they refuse to work.
-1.0000
Some art should receive government funding.
+1.0000
Our nation has a glorious history.
+2.0000
A person's social status shouldn't depend on who their parents are.
+1.0000
We should offer sanctuary to anybody fleeing persecution.
In office, Howard tightened asylum laws; out of office, he has advocated internment of asylum seekers in offshore camps.
-2.0000
There are some ethnic groups who can never be fully integrated into our society.
-1.0000
Everyone should stand up for the National Anthem.
+2.0000
Class distinctions should exist.
+1.0000
To protect society from drug abuse, narcotics must be banned.
See, for instance, his remarks in this interview transcript.
+2.0000
Alcohol is a more dangerous drug than marijuana.
-1.0000
Shared religious beliefs should be an important part of our society.
+1.0000
Family is more important than society.
+2.0000
Sometimes the only way to make a legitimate point of view heard is to break the law.
-1.0000
Our society needs more lawyers.
+1.0000
Some crimes are so serious that the only proper punishment is the death penalty.
Although earlier in his career, Michael Howard supported the reintroduction of the death penalty, in 1994 he came out against it.
-1.0000
Dealing with nuisance crimes like petty vandalism makes serious crime less likely.
+2.0000
Everyone should have the right to trial by jury.
In office, Howard tried to restrict the right, but was forced to back down.
-1.0000
It's more important to rehabilitate criminals than to punish them.
"Prison works," he claimed.
-2.0000
It is only acceptable to use proportionate force to defend your property from criminals.
-1.0000
Members of our society should be familiar with the history and traditions of our culture.
+1.0000
Overall, young people benefit from compulsory military service.
+0.0000
Schools should concentrate on training people for the workforce.
+0.0000
Schools should not teach children anything which contradicts their parents' religious faith.
-1.0000
Some people should not have access to the Internet.
+1.0000
Correct grammar is important.
+1.0000
Scientists bear no moral responsibility for how their discoveries are used.
+0.0000
Some technologies should never be used, whatever their benefits.
Experiments with GMO began under Howard.
-1.0000
Some medical research would require so many animal experiments that it should not be done, whatever the benefits.
-1.0000
Religious faith should be based on the literal word of God.
-1.0000
There is a place for organised religion in government.
+0.0000
There are some sexual acts which are immoral, even between consenting adults.
Howard voted against the lowering of the homosexual age of consent to 16.
+1.0000
It is immoral to be lazy.
+1.0000
It is never moral to break the law.
+1.0000
No woman should be allowed to have an abortion, whatever the circumstances.
Howard voted to restrict abortion in 1988.
+1.0000
National law should always override international agreements.
+1.0000
Sometimes civilians are a legitimate military target.
Howard supports Trident.
+1.0000
The people of this country have a very different character to those of our neighbours.
+1.0000
Aid projects abroad should always be funded by charities, not the taxpayer.
+0.0000
It's acceptable for a businessman to bribe a foreign official to complete a sale.
+0.0000
Our armed forces should intervene to stop genocide in other countries.
Howard supported action in Kosovo.
+2.0000
Our sense of right and wrong comes from religious faith.
+0.0000
Children should always obey their parents.
+0.0000
In the right circumstances, cutting taxes can increase government revenue.
+1.0000
Economic globalisation will increase inequality.
-1.0000
It's more important to make the poor richer than to decrease the gap between rich and poor.
+1.0000
There is a danger that some large corporations will become more powerful than governments.
-1.0000
Aggressive foreign policies can put a stop to international terrorism.
+2.0000
Drug abuse is a problem primarily because of its effects on drug users, not its effects on the rest of society.
+1.0000
The only way for some workers to achieve fair pay is through collective bargaining.
-1.0000
Nobody should be sacked for going on strike.
-1.0000
Small businesses are more important to the economy than large corporations.
+1.0000
The government should act to stop companies paying executives excessive salaries.
-1.0000
Workers in the public sector should be paid as much as those doing similar jobs in private industry.
-1.0000

Political Survey: an open, honest version of politicalcompass.org.
Copyright 2003 Chris Lightfoot. Available under a Creative Commons Licence.
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